A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where clinical pathology tests are carried out on clinical specimens to obtain information about the health of a patient to aid in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medical laboratories vary in size and complexity and so offer different testing services.
Clinical Research Laboratories (CRL) was incorporated in 1992. Today, CRL operates as a contract laboratory providing a wide range of clinical safety and efficacy testing to the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Located in central New Jersey, CRL is dedicated to conducting human clinical test procedures to determine the safety and efficacy of cosmetic, personal care, and OTC drug products.
CRL provides human repeated insult patch testing (HRIPT) as both shared and exclusive panels. Various safety-in-use (SIU) studies are provided to meet the needs of any specific product category. There are different safety tests that CRL provides which can be modified to meet new and emerging technologies.
The staff of clinical laboratories may include:
Pathologists' Assistant (PA).
Biomedical Scientist (BMS) in the UK, Medical Laboratory Scientist (MT, MLS or CLS) in the US or Medical Laboratory Technologist in Canada.
Medical Laboratory Technician/Clinical Laboratory Technician (MLT or CLT in the US).
Medical Laboratory Assistant (MLA).
In most developed countries, there are two main types of lab processing the majority of medical specimens. Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital and perform tests on their patients. Private (or community) laboratories receive samples from general practitioners, insurance companies, clinical research sites and other health clinics for analysis. For extremely specialized tests, samples may go to a research laboratory. Some tests involve specimens sent between different labs for uncommon tests. For example, in some cases it may be more cost-effective if a particular laboratory specializes in less common tests, receiving specimens (and payment) from other labs while sending other specimens to other labs for those tests they do not perform.
The credibility of medical laboratories is paramount to the health and safety of the patients relying on the testing services provided by these labs.
The average pay for a Clinical Laboratory Scientist is $30.99 per hour.
Clinical laboratory scientists generally work for hospitals and independent medical laboratories. Candidates for this position are generally required to have a bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, laboratory science, or a related field, as well as necessary certifications as required by employers.
Average starting salaries for clinical research associates varied the most within the West region in 2014, according to Indeed, where they earned the lowest salaries of $40,000 in Hawaii and the highest salaries of $67,000 in California. Those in the Northeast made $53,000 to $75,000 per year in Maine and New York, respectively. Clinical research associates earned starting salaries of $46,000 in Nebraska and South Dakota and $68,000 in Illinois, which were the lowest and the highest salaries in the Midwest. In the South, they made the most in Washington, D.C., and the least in Louisiana -- $74,000 and $53,000, respectively.
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