Clinical research definition: what does it entail in health care?

Clinical research forms a part of healthcare science and it aims at determining how effective and safe

diagnostic products, devices, regimens aimed at humans, and medications really are. These are things

that can be used for the diagnosis, treatment, and even prevention of diseases. Clinical research is very

different from other clinical practices. When we think of clinical practice, it means that treatments are

already in use. In clinical research, evidence has to be collected to make it possible to establish any kind

of treatment.

The Scope

Clinical research is a broad term that refers to the whole bibliography of biologic, device, and drug. It

means any test from lab inception all the way to introduction to the market for consumption and

beyond. A molecule or candidate has to be identified first and this is usually in a lab. Pre-clinical studies

are then done on it and then on animals. This is the time where efficacy and toxicity are determined and

studied.

Clinical research has to be authorized by the necessary bodies. Because of the intensity of what is

involved, a lot of supervision and care has to be taken to ensure that all test subjects are taken care of

and safe. At some point, trials need to be conducted on humans, healthy or otherwise, even before the

drug is approved.

Where is it conducted?

In most cases, this kind of research is done at medical centers, especially the academic ones. There are

also affiliated study sites that can be used. The sites are situated in areas where there is a chance of

getting many medical participants. There are review boards that, make sure that clinical research is

carried out in the most ethical manner.

Clinical research involves a very complex network and all have to work for the benefit of everyone.